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1976 - 1984

 
AE-1
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera
FX [A] [O] [J]  

Serial is : #1637142
 
Serial is : #2261205
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed   April 1976   Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Original Price   81,000 yen (w/FD 50mm f/1.4SSC),
4,000 yen (case)
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FD 50mm f/1.4 SSC, FD 50mm f/1.8 SC
    Lens Mount FD mount

Introduced in April 1976, the AE-1 was a very successful camera worldwide.

When the AE-1 came out, TTL manual-metering models (including the Canon FTb and FTb-N) were still the mainstream in the 35mm SLR market. Autoexposure models were still at the very top end of the SLR market. They were expensive and produced in small numbers.

The AE-1, however, was designed from the ground up with five major units and twenty-five minor units. They were centrally controlled by a microcomputer. By incorporating electronics, the parts count could be reduced by 300. The manufacturing of the camera was also highly automated. This made it possible to produce a low-cost camera having high-end features.

Camera models such as the AE-1 model of 1976 was largely responsible for having revolutionized the entire camera design concept and also the manufacturing process of modern 35mm SLR cameras as we know it today. It was also the world's first camera to have all its functions to be controlled fully by a built-in micro CPU (Central Processing Unit). It also held the record as the world's best-selling 35mm SLR camera todate, with more than five million units sold worldwide!

*Also had black versions.

Shutter Four-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. X, B, 2, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 sec. All speeds controlled electronically. Built-in self-timer (with blinking LED).
Flash Sync X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket and hot shoe.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.86x magnification (EX 50mm), 93.5% vertical coverage, 96% horizontal coverage. Split-image rangefinder encircled by microprism rangefinder at center with a fresnel matte screen. Exposure meter needle, aperture scale, overexposure warning, stopped-down aperture metering needle and battery check indicator, and underexposure warning LED provided.
Exposure Control SPC for TTL full-aperture metering with shutter speed-priority AE or TTL stopped-down match needle manual metering (centerweighted averaging). Exposure compensation range of +2 EV. Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.4: EV 1 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 3200.
Film Loading
&  Advance
Slotted take-up spool. Advances with camera-top lever's 120° stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 30°. Winder A also optional for power winding.
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Power Source One 4G-13 6 V mercury oxide battery or 4LR44 alkaline battery
Dimensions
&  Weight
141 x 87 x 48 mm, 590 g

F-1 (n)
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera


Serial is : #574883
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed   September 1976   Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Original Price   161,000 yen (w/FD 55mm f/1.2SSC)
143,000 yen (w/FD 50mm f/1.4SSC)
104,000 yen (body)
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FD 55mm f/1.2 SSC, FD 50mm f/1.4 SSC
    Lens Mount FD mount

An F-1 with a few improvements. The film advance winding stroke was reduced from 180 to 139. And the film advance lever's ready position was widened from 15 to 30. This made film advance faster. The film advance lever also had a new plastic tip. The film speed range was also increased from ISO 2000 to ISO 3200. The PC terminal had a fastener to prevent the PC cord from disconnection. In all, thirteen improvements over the old F-1 were made.

Shutter Four-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with metal curtains. X, B, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000, 1/2000 sec. Built-in self-timer (self-timer lever also functions as a stop-down lever). Multiple exposures enabled.
Flash Sync FP- and X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket (locking pin provided).
Viewfinder Interchangeable eye-level pentaprism. 0.77x magnification and 97% coverage. Split-image rangefinder encircled by microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen (Type E standard screen). Eight other interchangeable focusing screens optional. Metering indicator, exposure match needle, stopped-down metering needle, shutter speed indicator, overexposure and underexposure warnings, and light window for exposure display provided.
Exposure Control CdS cell for TTL full-aperture, match-needle partial metering at center or TTL stopped-down, match-needle partial metering at center (12% of center). Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.4: EV 2.5 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 3200.
  Film Loading
&  Advance
Camera back with safety latch and slotted take-up spool. Advances with camera-top lever's 139 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 30.
Frame Counter Counts up from 0 to 40. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Power Source One 1.35 V HD mercury cell. Battery check provided.
Dimensions
&  Weight
147 x 100 x 50 mm, 845 g
AT-1
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera


Serial is : #197441
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed   December 1976   Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Original Price   For export only (no Japanese price)   Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FD 50mm f/1.8 SC
    Lens Mount FD Mount

The AE-1 with shutter speed-priority AE and TTL metering became wildly popular in Japan and overseas.

However in a few overseas markets, the AE-1 had a high price tag. There were also many users who still preferred manual metering. In response to these people, the AT-1 was developed. It had the same body as the AE-1. It featured match-needle metering and TTL centerweighted averaging metering with CdS photocell. The camera could use the same accessories as the AE-1.

Shutter Four-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. X, B, 2, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 sec. All speeds controlled electronically. Built-in self-timer (with blinking LED).
Flash Sync X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket and hot shoe.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.82x magnification, 93.5% vertical coverage, 96.3% horizontal coverage. Split-image rangefinder encircled by microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Metering match needle, overexposure warning (also battery check indicator), and underexposure warning provided.
Exposure
Control
CdS cell for TTL full-aperture, match-needle centerweighted averaging metering. Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.8 lens: EV 3 - 17. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 3200.
Film Loading
&  Advance
Slotted take-up spool. Advances with camera-top lever's 120 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 30.
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Power Source One 4G-13 6 V mercury oxide battery or 4LR44 alkaline battery
Dimensions
&  Weight
141 x 87 x 48 mm, 590 g
A-1
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera


Serial is : #1765339
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed   April 1978   Type 35mm focal-plane shutter SLR camera
Original Price   114,000 yen (w/FD 50mm f/1.4SSC),
83,000 (body)
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FD 55mm f/1.2 SSC, FD 50mm f/1.4 SSC
    Lens Mount FD mount
The A-1 was the top-of-the-line A-series camera. (The AE-1 was the first in this series.) It was a sophisticated electronic camera with all-digital control.

Besides the shutter speed-priority AE and aperture-priority AE modes, it featured the first fully automatic program AE mode, preset aperture-priority AE, and Speedlite AE mode.

The viewfinder information was also easy to read with a 7-segment red LED readout. The control settings were displayed at the same time which made it very useful.

Besides Power Winder A, developed at the same time as the AE-1, accessories for the A-1 included the compact Motor Drive MA which attained a maximum shooting speed of 5 fps. This Motor Drive had a convenient vertical-grip shutter button. Also, there was the Speedlite 199A which had bounce flash capability.The A-1's body had a fine black finish.

Shutter Four-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. X, B, 30, 15, 8, 4, 2, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 sec. All speeds controlled electronically. Built-in self-timer (with 2- and 10-sec. delay and blinking LED). Multiple exposures enabled with a lever. Electronic shutter release.
Flash Sync X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket and hot shoe.
Viewfinder

Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.83x magnification, 93.4% vertical coverage, 95.3% horizontal coverage. Split-image rangefinder encircled by microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Eyepiece shutter provided. Six interchangeable focusing screens optional (installed by service personnel). The standard screen was later replaced by the brighter and sharper Laser Matte screen.

Digital readout with 7-segment red LED for shutter speed, aperture, dedicated Speedlite flash-ready, manual settings, and warning displays.

Exposure
Control
SPC for TTL full-aperture centerweighted averaging metering or TTL stopped-down metering. Exposure compensation range of 2 EV. AE lock provided. Five AE modes: Shutter speed-priority AE, aperture-priority AE, program AE, preset aperture-priority AE, and Speedlite AE (with dedicated Speedlite). The mode is set with a selector dial. Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.4: EV -2 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 6 to 12800 in 1/3 steps.

This is my daily camera. The one I prefer.
I've a lot of the accessories that come with even those I'll never use.

Film Loading
&  Advance
Slotted take-up spool. Advances with camera-top lever's 120 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 30.
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened. Counts down during rewind.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank.
* A red LED on the camera top blinked during battery checks, self-timer operation, and 1 sec. and slower shutter speeds.
Power Source One 4G-13 6 V mercury oxide battery or 4LR44 alkaline battery. Battery check with button and blinking LED.
Dimensions
&  Weight
141 x 92 x 48 mm, 620 g
AV-1
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera
 

Serial is : #700105
 
Serial is : #870944
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed   May 1979   Type 35mm focal-plane shutter SLR camera
Original Price   57,000 yen (w/New FD 50mm f/2)   Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon New FD 50mm f/1.8, New FD 50mm f/2 (Quick mount/demount type)
    Lens Mount FD mount

Even though the camera would cost more, shutter speed-priority AE cameras were important to Canon since users could comprehend shutter speeds easier than aperture settings. However, in America and other overseas markets, aperture-priority AE 35mm cameras were in the majority.

Overseas distributors also clamored for an aperture-priority AE model. Canon responded with the AV-1.

When this camera appeared, a new type of FD lenses featuring instant mounting/demounting was also introduced. A low-cost FD 50mm f/2 lens was made available for the AV-1.

Shutter Four-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. X, B, 2, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 sec. All speeds stepless and controlled electronically. Built-in self-timer (with adjustable delay and blinking LED).
Flash Sync X-sync hot shoe.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.87x magnification, 92% vertical coverage, 93% horizontal coverage. Split-image rangefinder encircled by microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Exposure meter needle, shutter speed scale, overexposure and underexposure warnings, battery check index and camera-shake warning, and Flash-ready indicator provided.
Exposure
Control
SPC for TTL full-aperture metering with aperture-priority AE (centerweighted averaging). Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.4: EV 1 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 1600.
Film Loading
&  Advance
Slotted take-up spool. Advances with camera-top lever's 120 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 30.
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Power Source One 4G-13 6 V mercury oxide battery or 4LR44 alkaline battery
Dimensions
&  Weight
139 x 85 x 48 mm, 490 g

AE-1 Program
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera
FX [A] [O] [J]  

Serial is : #3048242
 
Serial is : #4007566
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed   April 1981   Type 35mm focal-plane shutter SLR camera
Original Price   92,000 yen (w/New FD 50mm f/1.4SSC)
86,500 yen (w/New FD 50mm f/1.8SC)
60,000 yen (body)
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon New FD 50mm f/1.4, New FD 50mm f/1.8
    Lens Mount FD mount

It was five years after the AE-1 became a worldwide hit. Many users wanted the program AE mode that was featured in the A-1. This mode set both the shutter speed and aperture automatically. The user just had to press the shutter button.

The AE-1 Program camera was developed in response to the demand for program AE and to succeed the original AE-1. The camera now had both shutter speed-priority AE and program AE modes. It also sported a palm grip like the A-1. The camera was also compatible with the A-1's Motor Drive MA. The viewfinder featured LEDs. It was quite an advanced camera.

To make Motor Drive MA compatible with the AE-1 Program camera, it had three electrical contacts instead of only two which the original version had. Also, Power Winder A was converted into Power Winder A2 for higher performance.

*Also had black versions.

Shutter Four-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. B, 2, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 sec. All speeds controlled electronically. Built-in self-timer (with beeper).
Flash Sync X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket and hot shoe.
Viewfinder

Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.83x magnification and 94% coverage. Microprism rangefinder-encircled new split prism rangefinder with double diffraction prism at the center of Laser Matte screen. Eight focusing screens interchangeable through the mirror box.

Exposure meter needle, aperture scale, manual settings, program AE, Flash-ready, flash confirmation, camera shake warning, and overexposure and underexposure warnings.

Metering &
Exposure Control
SPC for TTL full-aperture centerweighted averaging metering or TTL stopped-down metering. Exposure compensation with AE lock switch. Four AE modes: Shutter speed-priority AE, program AE, preset aperture-priority AE, and Speedlite AE. Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.4: EV 1 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 12 to 3200.
Film Loading
&  Advance
Slotted take-up spool. Advances with camera-top lever's 120 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 39.
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Power Source One 4LR44 alkaline battery. Battery check with button and beeper.
Dimensions
&  Weight
141 x 88 x 48 mm, 565 g
F-1 (New)
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera
FX [A] [O] [J]

Serial is : #145599
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed   September 1981   Type 35mm focal-plane shutter SLR camera
Original Price   With standard Eye-Level Finder FN:
201,000 yen (w/FD 50mm f/1.2)
181,000 yen (w/FD 50mm f/1.4)
149,000 yen (body)
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FD 50mm f/1.2, FD 50mm f/1.4 ("New" is omitted from the lens designation from this point on)
    Lens Mount FD mount

Instead of being a next-generation successor to the F-1, this camera was called the "New F-1," and not the "F-2." With the first F-1 in 1971, Canon promised that the camera would remain unchanged for 10 years. This promise was fulfilled. During those ten years, there were remarkable advances in electronics, precision manufacturing, and optics. The successor to the top-of-the-line F-1 had to incorporate the best electronic technology for better automation, versatility, and specifications.

For metering flexibility, the New F-1 uses interchangeable focusing screens to change the metering pattern with a segmented metering element. For automation, system AE is incorporated for optimum operation. The camera's basic controls are also the same as the old F-1 so F-1 users can easily adapt to the New F-1.

Shutter Four-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with metal curtains. X, B, 8, 4, 2, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000, 1/2000 sec. Hybrid shutter with mechanical shutter speeds from 1/125 to 1/2000 sec. and B and X (1/90 sec.), and electronic shutter speeds from 8 to 1/90 sec. Built-in self-timer (with adjustable delay and beeper). Electronic shutter release. Multiple exposures enabled.
Flash Sync X-sync with German socket (with locking pin) and hot shoe.
Viewfinder Interchangeable eye-level pentaprism. (Eye-level Finder FN with 0.8x magnification and 97% coverage. New split prism rangefinder encircled by microprism rangefinder at center of Laser Matte screen.) Thirty-two optional interchangeable focusing screens (13 types) for three metering patterns. Metering indicator, exposure match needle, shutter speed display, aperture display, stopped-down metering needle, and various warnings provided.
Metering &
Exposure Control
SPC for TTL full-aperture, match-needle manual metering. System components (interchangeable AE Finder FN and AE Motor Drive FN) can provide shutter speed-priority AE. Metering pattern selectable with the interchangeable focusing screen: Spot metering at center (3%), partial metering at center (12%), and centerweighted averaging. Exposure compensation range of ±2 EV. Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.4: EV 1 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 6 to 6400.

I've one and I like to use it for static pictures such as monuments.
Very useful with a Tilt and Shift 35mm F/1:2.8 and the AD focusing screen.
I also have a AE Finder FN and a Speed Finder in addition to the Eye-Level Finder.

 

Film Loading
&  Advance
Camera back with safety latch and slotted take-up spool. Advances with camera-top lever's 139 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 30.
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Power Source One 2CR-1/3N lithium 6 V battery or 4LR44 alkaline battery. Battery check provided.
Dimensions
&  Weight
147 x 97 x 48 mm, 795 g (body only with Eye-Level Finder FN)
AL-1
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera
 

Serial is :#1346486
 
Serial is : #4007566
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed   March 1982   Type 35mm focal-plane shutter SLR camera
Original Price   90,000 yen (w/FD 50mm f/1.4),
58,000 yen (body)
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FD 50mm f/1.4, FD 50mm f/1.8
    Lens Mount FD mount

Targeting users who had difficulty focusing through the viewfinder, the AL-1 featured an electronic focus-assist system besides aperture-priority AE.

The system searches for the peak of the subject's image contrast obtained by three linear CCD arrays. The bottom of the viewfinder has arrows indicating the direction to turn the focusing ring to achieve focus. When focus is achieved, the in-focus mark between the two arrows lights.

The exposure is controlled by a TTL silicon photocell and aperture-priority AE with centerweighted averaging metering. All shutter speeds are electronically controlled and stepless. The camera is also compatible with all FD lenses.

*Also had black versions.

Shutter Four-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. X, B, 2, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 sec. All speeds electronically controlled. Auto shutter speeds from 2 to 1/1000 sec., and manual shutter speeds from 1/15 to 1/1000 sec. and B. Built-in self-timer (with blinking LED).
Flash Sync X-sync with German socket (with locking pin) and hot shoe.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.87x magnification, 92% vertical coverage, 93% horizontal coverage. 100% Laser Matte screen with no rangefinder. Focusing frame, in-focus indicator (red/green LED), exposure meter needle, shutter speed scale, overexposure and underexposure warnings, and battery check index and camera shake warning provided.
Focusing Focus aid with CCD focus detection. Focusing brightness range of EV 3.5 - 18 at ISO 100 and f/1.4.
Metering &
Exposure Control
SPC for TTL full-aperture metering with aperture-priority AE (centerweighted averaging). Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.4: EV 1 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 1600.
  Film Loading
&  Advance
Slotted take-up spool. Advances with camera-top lever's 120 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 30.
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Power Source Two 4 1.5 V batteries
Dimensions
&  Weight
142 x 87 x 48 mm, 490 g
New F-1 High Speed Motor Drive Camera
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera

FX [A] [O] [J]

Serial is : #1167

Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed   February 1984   Type 35mm focal-plane shutter SLR camera
Original Price   1,300,300 yen (body set) Limited edition.   Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FD 50mm f/1.2, FD 50mm f/1.4
    Lens Mount FD mount

Based on the New F-1 and equipped with a fixed pellicle mirror, this camera boasted the fastest continuous shooting speed ever. It has a four-axis, horizontal-travel, focal-plane electromagnetic shutter with metal curtains. One of three shooting speeds can be set. At the H setting, the camera can zip through a 36-exposure roll of film in 2.57 sec. at 14 fps.

Metering system has a match needle for stopped-down TTL. The aperture is stopped down automatically during the exposure. The power pack can be attached to the camera bottom or detached and used separately. The camera requires two dedicated power packs (totaling 24 V) housing ten 1.2 V size-AA Ni-Cd batteries. Priced at $13,700, the camera was a limited edition for press photographers.

Shutter Four-axis, horizontal-travel, focal-plane electromagnetic shutter with metal curtains. 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000, 1.2000 sec. X-sync at 1/60 sec. No B and self-timer.
Flash Sync X-sync with locking German socket and hot shoe.
Viewfinder Interchangeable eye-level pentaprism. 0.8x magnification and 97% coverage. New split-prism rangefinder encircled by microprism rangefinder at center of Laser Matte screen. Thirty-two (13 types) interchangeable focusing screens available for three metering patterns. (The fixed, semi-silvered mirror is coated with 20/1000mm ultra-thin, vapor-deposited Mylar film.) Displayed within the image area are metering range, exposure meter needle and index, shutter speed, overexposure and underexposure warnings, and exposure compensation scale (2 EV).
Metering &
Exposure Control
SPC for TTL stopped-down match-needle manual metering. Automatic stop-down of aperture during exposures. Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.4: EV 6 - 20. Film speed range from ISO 6 to 6400.
  Film Loading
&  Advance
Camera back with safety latch and multi-slotted take-up spool. Auto loading after closing camera back. Adjustable film advance speed: 14 fps (H), 10 fps (M), 5 fps (L), and 1 fps (S).
Frame Counter Counts down manually. Stops automatically at 0 and a lamp lights.
Power Source Two dedicated 24 V batteries containing ten 1.2 V size-AA Ni-Cd batteries. Battery check with button and green LED.
* Power pack can be integrated with or separated from the camera body. Uses Ni-Cd Charger S-12 for charging.
Dimensions
&  Weight
157 x 70 x 262 mm, 2,180 g (With battery pack)

Last update : May-23-2014 14:57:05: CEST

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