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1970 - 1975

 
F-1 (old)
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera


Serial is : #159000
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed
Discontinued
  March 1971
1976
  Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Original Price   117,000 yen (w/FD 55mm f/1.2),
100,000 yen (w/FD 50mm f/1.4),
92,800 yen (w/FD 50mm f/1.8),
78,000 yen (body)
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FD 55mm f/1.2, FD 50mm f/1.4, 50mm f/1.8

 

  Lens Mount FD mount: Three-lug bayonet (spigot type) mount with 48mm inner diameter and 42mm flange back. Camera body equipped with signal lever, aperture signal lever, and auto aperture lever. FD lens equipped with AE switching pin, signal pin, and auto aperture lever. The mount enabled full-aperture metering and autoexposure without requiring any changes in its basic specifications.

After five years and a large investment in money and labor, the top-of-the-line 35mm Canon F-1 system was born.

The FD lens mount was newly developed for the new line of FD lenses. The new lens mount enabled fully-coupled automatic exposure metering. The camera system also included the first accessory ever for remote picture-taking with the camera. The many accessories enabled seamless and instant compatibility.

The camera was built to endure 100,000 picture-taking cycles, temperatures ranging from -30 C to 60 C, and 90% humidity. Being a highly durable and reliable camera, the F-1 gained many followers including pros. Except for a one-time revision, the camera was manufactured and sold for ten years.

Shutter Four-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with metal curtains. X, B, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000, 1/2000 sec. Built-in self-timer (self-timer lever also functions as a stop-down lever). Multiple exposures enabled.
Flash Sync FP- and X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket
Viewfinder Interchangeable eye-level pentaprism. 0.77x magnification and 97% coverage. Microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen (standard Type A). Eight other interchangeable focusing screens optional. Metering indicator, exposure match needle, stopped-down metering needle, shutter speed indicator, low-light warning, and light window for exposure display provided. A diagonally-cut condenser lens block is semi-silvered on the diagonal surface. This beam splitter enables the incoming light to be split for the viewfinder image and metering cell. Mirror lockup provided.
Exposure Control CdS cell for TTL full-aperture, match-needle partial metering at center or TTL stopped-down, match-needle partial metering at center (12% of center). Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.4: EV 2.5 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 2000. 1.3 V MD mercury cell power source. Battery check provided. * With the interchangeable Servo EE Finder, the lens' AE switching pin changes the metering mode from manual to AE. The camera's aperture signal lever enables continuous metering and automatic control for shutter speed-priority AE.
Film Loading
&  Advance
Camera back with safety latch and slotted take-up spool. Advances with camera-top lever's 180 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 15.
Frame Counter Counts up from 0 to 40. Resets automatically when the camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Power Source One 1.3 V HD mercury cell
Dimensions
&  Weight
147 x 99 x 43 mm, 820 g

FTb
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera
FX [A] [O] [J]  

Serial is : #162466
 
Serial is : #350556
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed
Discontinued
  March 1971
  Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Original Price   74,000 yen (w/FD 55mm f/1.2),
57,000 yen (w/FD 50mm f/1.4),
49,800 yen (w/FD 50mm f/1.8),
35,000 yen (body)
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon 55mm f/1.2, FD 50mm f/1.4, 50mm f/1.8

 

  Lens Mount FD mount

Like the flagship Canon F-1, the FTb was compatible with FD lenses. It was a mass-market camera having the same basic features as the F-1.

Like the F-1, it had maximum-aperture TTL metering, match-needle exposure adjustment, and high-precision 12% partial metering at the center. Being a mid-tier 35mm SLR camera, the FTb was well received by many amateur photographers. The FTb also allowed stop-down TTL metering (match needle) for FL lenses and situations when stop-down viewing was required.

*Also had black versions.

Shutter Two-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. X, B, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 sec. Built-in self-timer (self-timer lever also functions as a stop-down lever). Multiple exposures enabled.
Flash Sync FP- and X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.85x magnification and 94% coverage. Microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Metering indicator, exposure match needle, stopped-down metering needle, and low-light warning provided. A diagonally-cut condenser lens block is semi-silvered on the diagonal surface. This beam splitter enables the incoming light to be split for the viewfinder image and metering cell. Mirror lockup provided.
Exposure
Control
CdS cell for TTL full-aperture, match-needle partial metering at center or TTL stopped-down, match-needle partial metering at center (12% of center). Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.4: EV 2.5 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 2000. Battery check provided.
  Film Loading
&  Advance
QL (Quick Loading) and auto loading after camera back is closed. Advances with camera-top lever's 174 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 21.
Frame Counter Counts up from 0 to 40. Resets automatically when camera back is opened
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Power Source One 1.3 V HD mercury cell
Dimensions
&  Weight
144 x 93 x 43 mm, 750 g

F-1 High Speed Motor Drive Camera
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera
FX [A] [O] [J]
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed
Discontinued
  February 1972   Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Original Price   300,000 yen (body set)

 

  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FD 55mm f/1.2 SSC, FD 50mm f/1.4 SSC

 

  Lens Mount FD mount

With the F-1's rigid, durable body and a fixed pellicle mirror, this F-1 model boasted the world's fastest continuous shooting speed.

With a shutter speed anywhere from 1/60 sec. to 1/1000 sec., the camera could finish a roll of 36-exposure film in 4 sec. at 9 frames per sec. Since the camera was designed for high-speed continuous shooting, an exposure meter was omitted along with the self-timer. The lens aperture also had to be stopped down manually with a lever on the camera. The camera targeted pro and press photographers covering the Munich Summer Olympics.

Shutter Four-axis, horizontal-travel, focal-plane shutter with metal curtains. 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 sec. No self-timer.
Flash Sync None
Viewfinder Interchangeable eye-level pentaprism. 0.77x magnification and 97% coverage. Microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen (Type A). Eight other interchangeable focusing screens available. (The fixed, semi-silvered mirror is coated with 20/1000mm ultra-thin, vapor-deposited Mylar film.)
Metering &
Exposure Control
None. Aperture is set manually with camera's stop-down lever.
I have not yet Film Loading
&  Advance
Camera back with safety latch and slotted take-up spool. Auto film advance with motor. Selectable film advance speeds (approx.): 9 fps, 7 fps, and 4 fps.
Frame Counter Counts down manually. Stops automatically at 0.
Film Rewind None
Power Source Twenty size-AA batteries and an external power pack connected to the camera with a cord. With a fresh set of batteries, the camera can shoot 30 rolls of 36-exposure film.
Dimensions
&  Weight
147 x 149 x 43 mm, 1,180 g (External power pack without batteries weighs 630 g)
FTb-N
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera
FX [A] [O] [J]  

Serial is : #413329
 
Serial is : #931853
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed
Discontinued
  July 1973   Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Original Price   79,500 yen (w/FD 55mm f/1.2SSC)
64,500 yen (w/FD 50mm f/1.4SSC)
39,000 yen (body)
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon 55mm f/1.2 SSC, FD 50mm f/1.4 SSC

 

  Lens Mount FD Mount

Improved version of the Canon FTb. Improvements include a shutter speed display in the viewfinder, a larger shutter button , a plastic-tipped film advance lever, and a slimmer combination self-timer and stop-down lever.

Shutter Two-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. X, B, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 sec. Built-in self-timer (self-timer lever also functions as a stop-down lever). Multiple exposures enabled.
Flash Sync FP- and X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket and hot shoe.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.85x magnification and 94% coverage. Microprism rangefinder of fresnel matte screen. Metering indicator, exposure match needle, stopped-down metering needle, shutter speed display, and high- and low-light warning provided.
Exposure
Control
CdS cell for TTL full-aperture, match-needle partial metering at center or TTL stopped-down match needle partial metering at center (12% of center). Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.4: EV 2.5 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 2000.

This was my first Canon FD. I bought the S/N #707553 in 1977.
In 1996, when they where 18 years old, I decided to give it to one of my twin daugthers and to offer a used one to the other (S/N #455653). I bought two items since then.

 

 

Film Loading
&  Advance
Auto loading after camera back is closed. Advances with camera-top lever's 174 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 21. Film advance lever fitted with a plastic tip.
Frame Counter Counts up from 0 to 40. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Power Source One 1.3 V HD mercury cell. Battery check provided.
Dimensions
&  Weight
144 x 93 x 43 mm, 750 g

EF
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed
Discontinued
  November 1973
1978
  Type 35mm focal-plane shutter SLR camera
Original Price   89,500 yen (w/FD 55mm f/1.4SSC)   Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon 55mm f/1.2 SSC, FD 50mm f/1.4 SSC

 

  Lens Mount FD mount

This camera's main feature was the first and last of its kind. It was the Copal Square, a vertical-travel, metal-curtain, focal-plane shutter.

The camera's specifications and ease of use were ideal for aged users. Just press the shutter button for shutter speed-priority TTL automatic exposure. A silicon photocell was used for full-aperture centerweighted averaging metering. Fast shutter speeds from 1/2 sec. to 1/1000 sec. and bulb were mechanically-controlled while slow speeds from 1 sec. to 30 sec. were electronically-controlled.

 

Shutter Vertical-travel focal-plane shutter with metal curtains. X (at 1/125 sec.), B, 30, 15, 8, 4, 2, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 sec. Hybrid shutter (using Copal Square) with mechanical shutter speeds from 1/2 to 1/1000 sec. and B, and electronic shutter speeds from 30 to 1 sec. Built-in self-timer (self-timer lever also functions as a stop-down lever). Multiple exposures enabled.
Flash Sync X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket and hot shoe.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.82x magnification, 92% vertical coverage, 93% horizontal coverage. Microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Metering needle, stopped-down metering index, shutter speed scale, aperture scale, overexposure and underexposure warnings provided. Mirror lockup and eyepiece shutter provided.
Exposure
Control
SPC (silicon photocell) for TTL full-aperture metering with shutter speed-priority AE or TTL stopped-down match needle manual metering (centerweighted averaging). Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.4: EV 2 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 12 to 3200.
I have the S / N : #330427 Film Loading
&  Advance
Slotted take-up spool. Advances with camera-top lever's 120 stroke (single stroke only). Ready position at 13.
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank.
* A red LED on the camera top blinked during battery checks, self-timer operation, and 1 sec. and slower shutter speeds.
Power Source Two 1.3 V HD mercury cells
Dimensions
&  Weight
147 x 96 x 48 mm, 760 g

TLb
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera


Serial is : #119654
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed
Discontinued
  September 1976   Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Original Price   51,300 yen (w/FD 50mm f/1.8SC),
32,300 (body)
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FD 50mm f/1.8 SC

 

  Lens Mount FD mount

The TLb was marketed overseas in September 1974 as the cheaper version of the FTb. It was later sold in Japan in April 1976. The basic specifications were the same as the Canon TX except for the hot shoe which was omitted. X-sync was possible only with the PC terminal.

Shutter Two-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. X, B, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500 sec. No self-timer.
Flash Sync FP- and X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket and hot shoe.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.85x magnification and 94% coverage. Microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Metering match needle, stopped-down metering needle, and incorrect exposure warnings provided.
Exposure
Control
CdS cell for TTL full-aperture, match-needle centerweighted averaging metering. Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.8 lens: EV 3.7 - 17. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 2000.
  Film Loading
&  Advance
Slotted take-up spool. Advances with camera-top lever's 174 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 21.
Frame Counter Counts up from 0 to 40. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Power Source One 1.35 V HD mercury cell.
Dimensions
&  Weight
144 x 93 x 43 mm, 680 g

TX
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera
FX [A] [O] [J]

Serial is : #291153
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed
Discontinued
  March 1975
1979
  Type 35mm focal-plane shutter SLR camera
Original Price   For export only (no Japanese price)   Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FD 50mm f/1.8 SC

 

  Lens Mount FD mount

This was a stripped-down Canon FTb for the mass market overseas. The fastest shutter speed was only 1/500 sec. The metering pattern was centerweighted averaging instead of 12% partial at the center. The stop-down lever had no locking feature. A PC terminal and hot shoe were provided for flash.

Shutter Two-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. X, B, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500 sec. Self-timer available.
Flash Sync FP- and X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket and hot shoe.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.85x magnification and 94% coverage. Microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Metering match needle, stopped-down metering needle, metering indicator, insufficient flash warning, and overexposure and underexposure warnings provided.
Exposure
Control
CdS cell for TTL full-aperture, match-needle centerweighted averaging metering or TTL stopped-down match needle centerweighted averaging metering. Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.8 lens: EV 3.7 - 17. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 2000.
Film Loading
&  Advance
Slotted take-up spool. Advances with camera-top lever's 174 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 21.
Frame Counter Counts up from 0 to 40. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Power Source One 1.35 V HD mercury cell.
Dimensions
&  Weight
144 x 93 x 43 mm, 680 g

Last update : Feb-26-2014 16:02:10 CET

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