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1964 - 1969

 
FX
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera


Serial is : #327126
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed
Discontinued
  April 1964
1966
  Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Original Price   59,800 yen (w/FL58mm f/1.2)
44,800 yen (w/FL50mm f/1.8)
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FL 58mm f/1.2, FL 50mm f/1.8

 

  Lens Mount FL mount: Bayonet mount (inner dia. 48 mm) with three outer lugs. Flange back of 42 mm. Fully automatic aperture system with automatic aperture lever on the camera body and automatic aperture lever on the lens.

After the Canonflex R-series, the Canon FX was the first in a new series having an aperture linkage on a new lens mount (FL).

The model designation's "flex" (for single-lens reflex) suffix was replaced with an "F."

The new aperture linkage was designed to reduce the film advance torque and to integrate TTL light metering. After the shutter was released, the lens reverted to the maximum aperture regardless of the film advance state.

The built-in CdS exposure meter indicated the proper aperture for the selected shutter speed. A lever switched between the high (EV9 to 18) and low (EV1 to 10) metering sensitivity ranges.

*Also had black versions.

Shutter Two-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. Single-axis non-rotating dial for X, B, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, and 1/1000 sec. Equipped with built-in self-timer. (Time exposures with B and shutter button lock.)
Flash Sync FP- and X-sync (automatic-switching sync contacts, X-sync speed of 1/55 sec., and German terminal socket on camera front).
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.9x magnification (FL 50mm), 90% vertical coverage, 93% horizontal coverage. Split-image rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Mirror lockup provided.
Built-in Exposure
Meter
CdS element switchable between two ranges (high & low) for aperture readings. Metering ranges at ISO 100: EV 1 - 10 and EV 9 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 10 to 800. 1.3 V MD mercury cell power source. Battery check feature provided.
Film Loading
&  Advance
After opening camera back, insertion onto spool. Advances with camera-top lever. (160 single or partial strokes with extra 20 stroke)
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Collapsible crank
Dimensions
&  Weight
141.5 x 91 x 86 mm, 900 g (with 50mm f/1.8)

FP
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera


Serial is : #117062
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed
Discontinued
  October 1964
1966
  Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Original Price   37,800 yen (w/FL50mm f/1.8)   Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FL 50mm f/1.8

 

  Lens Mount FL mount

This was an FX without the built-in exposure meter. For pro users who did not want or need the exposure meter. An external CdS exposure meter having the same specs as the FX's built-in meter was offered as an option.

*Also had black versions.

Shutter Two-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. Single-axis non-rotating dial for X, B, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, and 1/1000 sec. Equipped with built-in self-timer. (No shutter button lock.)
Flash Sync FP- and X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.9x magnification (FL 50mm), 90% vertical coverage, 93% horizontal coverage. Split-image rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Mirror lockup provided.
Built-in Exposure
Meter
None (An external FP meter having the same specifications as the FX's built-in meter was made available.)
Film Loading
&  Advance
After opening camera back, insertion onto spool. Advances with camera-top lever. (160 single or partial strokes with extra 20 stroke)
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Collapsible crank
Dimensions
&  Weight
141 x 90 x 83 mm, 940 g (with 50mm f/1.8)
PELLIX
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera


Serial is : #134048
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed
Discontinued
  April 1965
1966
  Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Original Price   70,800 yen (w/FL58mm f/1.2)
58,800 yen (w/FL50mm f/1.4)
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FL 58mm f/1.2, FL 50mm f/1.4

 

  Lens Mount FL Mount

Canon's first 35mm SLR camera with TTL metering. A super-thin, semi-transparent film only 20/1000 mm thick was used as a fixed mirror. Since there was no mirror blackout, the user could see the image at the moment of exposure.

A stopped-down, TTL exposure meter used 12% spot metering at the viewfinder center. It was hailed for its accuracy and reliability.

The fixed pellicle mirror reduced the amount of light reaching the film by one-third. Therefore an f/1.2 lens was like an f/1.4 lens and an f/1.4 acted like f/1.7. However since the image could be viewed through the viewfinder even during long exposures, it was a popular camera.

*Also had black versions.

Shutter Two-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with metal curtains. X, (T), 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, and 1/1000 sec. Self-timer lever also functions as the stop-down lever for metering.
Flash Sync FP- and X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. (20/1000mm ultra-thin Mylar film pellicle mirror [fixed] with vapor deposition) 0.9x magnification (FL 50mm), 90% vertical coverage, 93% horizontal coverage. Microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Metering indicator, exposure match needle, and eyepiece shutter provided.
Exposure
Control
CdS element for TTL stopped-down match needle partial metering at center (12% of center). Metering range at ISO 100: EV 1 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 10 to 800. 1.3 V MD mercury cell power source. Battery check feature provided.
Film Loading
&  Advance
After opening camera back, insertion onto spool. Advances with camera-top lever. (160 single or partial strokes with extra 20 stroke)
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Collapsible crank
Dimensions
&  Weight
141 x 90 x 100 mm, 1,110 g (with FL 58mm f/1.2)

FT QL
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera
FX [A] [O] [J]  
Serial is : #829171

  Serial is : #671577

Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed
Discontinued
  March 1966
1972
  Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Original Price   66,800 yen (w/FL 58mm f/1.2),
54,800 yen (w/FL 50mm f/1.4 II)
* 1,000 yen extra for the black version.
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FL 58mm f/1.2, FL 50mm f/1.4 II

 

  Lens Mount FL Mount

Introduced a year after the Pellix, the FT QL had a normal quick-return reflex mirror and stop-down TTL metering. The finder's condenser lens was cut at a 45-degree angle. Twelve percent of the image area surface was semi-silvered with vapor deposition. The incident light reflected by this semi-transparent mirror was directed to the metering element. The viewfinder had match-needle exposure metering. The distance to the metering element was the same as the distance to the focal plane. Therefore the camera had the same focal plane metering characteristics as the Pellix.

The Canon Booster for low-light metering down to EV 3.5 (23 sec. at f/1.4) was available as an optional accessory attachable to the accessory shoe.

 

Shutter Two-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. X, T, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 sec. Built-in self-timer (self-timer lever also functions as a stop-down lever).
Flash Sync FP- and X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.9x magnification (FL 50mm), 92% vertical coverage, 94% horizontal coverage. Microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Metering indicator and exposure match needle provided. A diagonally-cut condenser lens block is semi-silvered on the diagonal surface. This beam splitter enables the incoming light to be split for the viewfinder image and metering cell.
Exposure
Control
CdS cell for TTL stopped-down match needle partial metering at center (12% of center). Metering range at ISO 100: EV 3 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 2000. 1.3 V MD mercury cell power source. Battery check feature provided.
*Optional Canon Meter Booster for metering in low light (down to EV -3.5).
Film Loading
&  Advance
QL (Quick Loading) and auto loading after camera back is closed. Advances with camera-top lever's 174° stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 21°.
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Retractable crank
Dimensions
&  Weight
144 x 93 x 100 mm, 1,095 g (With FL 58mm f/1.2)
PELLIX QL
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera
FX [A] [O] [J]

Serial is : #147354
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed
Discontinued
  March 1966
1970
  Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Original Price   72,800 yen (w/FL 50mm f/1.2),
60,800 yen (w/FL 50mm f/1.4 II)
* Add 1,000 yen for the black version.
* From December 1968, the FL 58mm f/1.2 lens kit was replaced with the FL 55mm f/1.2 lens kit priced at 75,300 yen.
  Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FL 58mm f/1.2, FL 50mm f/1.4 II

 

  Lens Mount FL Mount

An improved Pellix marketed at the same time as the FT QL. Film loading was easier, the Canon Booster for low-light metering could be attached, and the stop-down lever had a locking mechanism.

The newly designed FL 50mm f/1.4 II lens was highly rated for its high resolving power, excellent contrast, and color balance. This lens served as the standard for the later line of FD lenses.

*Also had black versions.

Shutter Two-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. X, T, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 sec. Built-in self-timer (self-timer lever also functions as a stop-down lever).
Flash Sync FP- and X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. (Pellicle mirror with 20/1000mm ultra-thin, vapor-deposited Mylar film.) 0.9x magnification (FL 50mm), 90% vertical coverage, 93% horizontal coverage. Microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Metering indicator, exposure match needle, and eyepiece shutter provided.
Exposure
Control
CdS cell for TTL stopped-down match-needle partial metering at center (12% of center). Metering range at ISO 100: EV 1 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 2000. 1.3 V MD mercury cell power source. Battery check provided. Optional Canon Meter Booster for metering in low light.
Film Loading
&  Advance
Auto loading after camera back is closed. Advances with camera-top lever's 174 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 21.
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Dimensions
&  Weight
144 x 91 x 100 mm, 1,110 g (with FL 58mm f/1.2)
TL QL
35mm Focal-Plane Shutter SLR Camera
FX [A] [O] [J]
Outline   Specifications
   
Marketed
Discontinued
  February 1968
1972
  Type 35mm focal-plane shutter SLR camera
Original Price   For export only (no Japanese price)   Picture Size 24x36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FL 50mm f/1.8

 

  Lens Mount FL Mount

A simplified and cheaper version of the FT QL, this camera was for the overseas mass market. The maximum shutter speed was only 1/500 sec. The camera was without a self-timer and QL feature, but it retained stop-down TTL metering. Although most TL cameras did not have QL, some cameras did as shown in the photo.

*Might have black versions but this needs to be verified.

Shutter Two-axis, horizontal-travel, focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. X, B, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500 sec. No self-timer. Stop-down lever provided.
Flash Sync FP- and X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.9x magnification (FL 50mm), 92% vertical coverage, 94% horizontal coverage. Microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Metering indicator and exposure match needle provided. A diagonally-cut condenser lens block is also integrated.
Exposure
Control
CdS cell for TTL stopped-down, match-needle partial metering at center (12% of center). Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.8 lens: EV 3.5 - 17. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 2000. 1.3 V MD mercury cell power source. Battery check provided.
I have the S / N : #109642 Film Loading
&  Advance
Auto loading after camera back is closed. Advances with camera-top lever's 174 stroke (partial strokes enabled). Ready position at 21.
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Camera-top crank
Dimensions
&  Weight
144 x 93 x 43 mm, 700 g

Last update : Feb-26-2014 16:02:09 CET

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